Shaheed Diwas 2017: Why is Martyrs Day celebrated on March 23 every year?


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A look at the famous three revolutionaries, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru, who are honoured on Martyrs Day every year.

Martyrs Day, also known as Shaheed Diwas or Sarvodaya Day, is observed in India on March 23 every year. On this day, Indians pay homage to martyrs Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru and remember their sacrifices. The famous trio lost their lives on March 23, 1931 while they were very young. The revolutionaries fought for the freedom of the country and were hanged to death by the British. On Shaheed Diwas, the entire nation honours their sacrifice to help gain freedom from the clutches of the Britishers.
The Government of India has declared March 23 as Martyrs Day in India, although Martyrs Day is also observed on January 30, the day Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated. On March 23, every Indian remembers Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru who lost their lives on the day in 1931 when they were hanged to death by the Raj. The death anniversary of the three great Indian freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru is observed on Martyrs Day.
Various events take place on March 23, as Indians pay tribute to the three. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru continue to inspire the youth of modern India, and we are sure they will linger in our hearts now and forever. Let’s have a look at the story of these famous three who are honoured on Martyrs Day every year:

1. Bhagat Singh (September 27 or 28, 1907 – March 23, 1931)

Bhagat Singh, a well-known freedom fighter was born on September 27 or 28 in 1907 in Punjab in British India. His exact day of birth is not known. He was a revolutionary socialist and very influential in the Indian freedom struggle. His father and two uncles were the members of the Ghadar Party, which worked hard for the Indian independence movement. Bhagat Singh along with his other companions Rajguru, Chandrashekhar Azad, Sukhdev and Jai Gopal took revenge for the assassination of Lala Lajpat Rai. On April 8, 1929, Bhagat Singh along with his mates threw bombs at the Central Legislative Assembly and later, instead of escaping, stayed put shouting ‘Inquilab Zindabad’. As a result of the attack that was not aimed to kill, Deputy Superintendent of Police J P Saunders was assassinated.

2. Sukhdev Thapar (May 15, 1907 – March 23, 1931)

Sukhdev was was born on May 15, 1907, in Punjab. Like Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev was also the member of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA). He also established the Naujawan Bharat Sabha organisation which helped the young participate in the freedom struggle and fight communalism. On December 18, 1928, Sukhdev was involved in Lahore Conspiracy Case. Sukhdev was an accomplice of Bhagat Singh during the Central Assembly Hall bombings.

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3. Shivaram Rajguru (August 24, 1908 – March 23, 1931)

Shivaram Hari Rajguru was a revolutionary from Pune, Maharashtra, who was accused in the assassination of J P Saunders along with Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev. Rajguru was born on August 24, 1908. He went on to be a member of HRSA as well. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev wanted India to get freedom from British rule.
All three revolutionaries were jailed with murder charges and soon gained widespread national support. They also undertook a 116-day hunger strike while demanding equal rights for Indians from the British. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were hanged on March 23, 1931 at 7.30 pm in the Lahore jail. Their bodies was cremated on the banks of the Sutlej River.

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